Law Officer

Subscribe to Law Officer feed
Tactics | Technology | Training
Updated: 1 hour 4 min ago

FBI: Police Officer Felonious Deaths Up 60%

10 hours 57 min ago

A total of 118 law enforcement officers were killed in the line of duty in 2016, according to the FBI’s annual Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted (LEOKA) report released last week.

Of those deaths, 52 were accidental and 66 were felonious.

Both are a significant increase from 2015 when 45 officers died accidentally and 41 were feloniously killed in the line of duty.

Additionally, 57,180 officers were assaulted in the line of duty, with nearly 30 percent of those officers being injured in the incidents and an average of 157 officers assaulted per day and a 10% increase from 2015.

The 60% increase in officers being murdered in the line of duty and the increase in daily assaults towards law enforcement should have law enforcement leaders concerned says Law Officer Columnist and SAFETAC Trainer Travis Yates.

“I do believe that we have some leaders that are not adequately preparing our police officers for the dangers that they face.  Unlike what I have seen from some in law enforcement, the idea of cowards killing police officers is not a ‘community policing’ issue or from a ‘lack of’ outreach from law enforcement.  This is pure evil preying on those that stand between that evil and the communities that they serve and the only way to mitigate the risk is training,” Yates told us.

Yates points to hearing from police officers every week that feel their training needs are being ignored by their administration and the hesitation that he sees in some to support much needed training.

Yates says that The First Three Seconds: Surviving The Ambush, is one of the best classes he has seen in the area of Officer Survival and he sees officers paying their own way each and every class because there is not support for training that can save lives.

Law Officer is currently sponsoring several training sessions across the country, including a free opportunity to see ‘Courageous Leadership‘ in Mesa (AZ) on October 24th.  Contact SAFETAC Training and ask them for the Law Officer Discount on your training needs.

Felonious Deaths
The 66 felonious deaths occurred in 29 states and in Puerto Rico.

The number of officers killed as a result of criminal acts in 2016 increased by 25 when compared with the 41 officers who were feloniously killed in 2015.

The five- and 10-year comparisons show an increase of 17 felonious deaths compared with the 2012 figure (49 officers) and an increase of eight deaths compared with 2007 data (58 officers).

Police ambushes reached a two decade high in 2016 with 17 officers ambushed and killed by suspects.

At the time the 66 law enforcement officers were feloniously killed:

  • 13 were answering disturbance calls (seven were domestic disturbance calls);
  • nine were investigating suspicious persons/circumstances;
  • six were engaged in tactical situations;
  • five were performing investigative activities (such as surveillances, searches, or interviews);
  • four were conducting traffic pursuits/stops;
  • three were investigating drug-related matters;
  • three were victims of unprovoked attacks;
  • one was answering a burglary in progress call or pursuing a burglary suspect(s);
  • one was answering a robbery in progress call or pursuing a robbery suspect(s); and
  • four were attempting other arrests.


  • Offenders used firearms to kill 62 of the 66 victim officers.
  • Of these 62 officers, 37 were slain with handguns, 24 with rifles, and one with a shotgun.
  • Four officers were killed with vehicles used as weapons.

Thirty of the felonious deaths occurred in the South, 17 in the West, 13 in the Midwest, four in the Northeast, and two in Puerto Rico.


  • Law enforcement agencies identified 59 alleged assailants in connection with the felonious line-of-duty deaths.
  • Forty-five of the assailants had prior criminal arrests, and 14 of the offenders were under judicial supervision at the times of the felonious incidents.


  • In 2016, of the 57,180 officers assaulted while performing their duties, 28.9 percent were injured.
  • The largest percentage of victim officers (32.2 percent) were assaulted while responding to disturbance calls.
  • Assailants used personal weapons (hands, fists, feet, etc.) in 78.0 percent of the incidents, firearms in 4.2 percent of incidents, and knives or other cutting instruments in 1.9 percent of the incidents.
  • Other types of dangerous weapons were used in 16.0 percent of assaults.

Accidental Deaths

  • Fifty-two law enforcement officers were killed accidentally while performing their duties in 2016.
  • The majority (26 officers) were killed in automobile accidents.
  • The number of accidental line-of-duty deaths increased by seven when compared with the 45 officers who were accidentally killed in 2015.


Of the 52 officers accidentally killed:

  • 26 died as a result of automobile accidents;
  • 12 were struck by vehicles;
  • seven officers died due to motorcycle accidents;
  • three were accidentally shot;
  • two officers drowned;
  • one died in an aircraft accident; and
  • one officer died in another type of duty-related accident.

Use of Seatbelts

  • Use of seatbelts was reported for 21 of the 26 officers killed in automobile accidents.
  • Of these 21 officers, 10 were wearing seatbelts, and 11 were not wearing seatbelts at the times of the accidents.
  • Of the 11 victim officers who were fatally injured in automobile accidents and were not wearing seatbelts, two were seated in parked motor vehicles at the times of the accidents.


The post FBI: Police Officer Felonious Deaths Up 60% appeared first on Law Officer.

Categories: Law Enforcement

Ohio Police Officer Killed At Domestic Violence Call

11 hours 17 min ago

Girard  (OH) Police Officer Justin Leo, age 31, was fatally shot late Saturday night while responding to a domestic call.

The Officer and his partner went to a home in Girard, a city near Youngstown in northeastern Ohio.

When they arrived, a man inside the home spoke briefly with them. He then pulled a gun and opened fire, according to authorities.

Leo was killed.

His partner returned fire and killed the gunman.

Leo was a five-year veteran of the Girard Police Department.

” An absolute gentleman and someone who the city has been proud of since he had been here with us,” Girard Mayor Jim Melfi said, according to WFMJ. “Our communities, prayers and thoughts go out to Leo’s family.”

The identity of the suspect or the other officer has not yet been released.

The post Ohio Police Officer Killed At Domestic Violence Call appeared first on Law Officer.

Categories: Law Enforcement

Black Lives Matter, Police-Focused NFL Protests Ignore Black Homicides

Fri, 10/13/2017 - 10:25

Lost in the uproar over the NFL sideline protests against police brutality are newly released statistics showing that the threat to black men is skyrocketing — not from trigger-happy or racist cops, but from crime.

More than any other demographic group, black men are paying the price with their lives with a surging violent crime rate over the past two years, including a 20 percent jump in the overall homicide rate, even as the number of blacks killed by police declines.

Using homicide figures from the 2016 FBI Uniform Crime Report released Sept. 25, Manhattan Institute fellow Heather Mac Donald found that the number of black homicide victims has jumped by nearly 900 per year since the Black Lives Matter movement took root in 2014.

“The majority of victims of that homicide surge have been black,” Ms. Mac Donald said in an email. “They were killed overwhelmingly by black criminals, not by the police and not by whites.”

Meanwhile, the number of blacks killed by police dipped from 259 in 2015 to 233 in 2016, with 2017 so far coming in below both years with 175 deaths as of Oct. 12, according to The Washington Post’s Fatal Force database.

Crime statistics are notoriously slippery: The FBI Uniform Crime Report depends on local departments to report their statistics voluntarily, and the figures tracked by sites such as the Killed by Police page on Facebook differ from those of The Post.

By Valerie Richardson – The Washington Times – Read The Full Article

The post Black Lives Matter, Police-Focused NFL Protests Ignore Black Homicides appeared first on Law Officer.

Categories: Law Enforcement

New Orleans Police Officer Killed In Ambush Shooting

Fri, 10/13/2017 - 10:09

A New Orleans police officer was ambushed and fatally shot on Friday, when his patrol team stepped out of their car to investigate something suspicious shortly after midnight. Other officers returned fire, wounding a suspect who eventually surrendered to a SWAT team, police said.

“Our officer collapsed right there on the scene” and died at a hospital, Police Superintendent Michael Harrison told reporters at an early morning news conference.

“They were on routine patrol,” he said. “They saw something that aroused their suspicion. They were exiting the vehicle and upon exiting the vehicle, what we have learned is that this perpetrator fired at our officer, striking our officer.”

The wounded suspect fled into an apartment and eventually surrendered to SWAT hours later.

The suspect was taken to a hospital with several gunshot wounds, he said.

Police believe there was only one suspect involved.  The officer and the suspect have not yet been identified.

The post New Orleans Police Officer Killed In Ambush Shooting appeared first on Law Officer.

Categories: Law Enforcement

Video: Dubai Police Officer Policing On A Hoverbike

Thu, 10/12/2017 - 11:41

Photo Courtesy: Hoversurf

The police in the Arab Emirate have introduced a flying motorbike.

A new video shows a Dubai police officer testing out the new hoverbike, which has rotors instead of wheels that allow it to fly.

The hoverbike, capable of flying 16 feet above ground was introduced by a Dubai police officer dressed in black. is

The Daily Mail reports that the bike can also double as an unmanned drone, and was designed by Russian company Hoversurf.

In February 2017, Hoversurf reported that they were working on the bike, called the “Scorpion-3”, a single-seat, electric-powered hoverbike.  It appears that is the same bike in the video released this week.

In 2015, the United States Department of Defense announced a deal with Malloy Aeronautics, a UK-based company, to develop a similar craft for the Army.

The post Video: Dubai Police Officer Policing On A Hoverbike appeared first on Law Officer.

Categories: Law Enforcement

LAPD Unveils Pink Cruiser for Breast Cancer Awareness

Thu, 10/12/2017 - 11:25

October is Breast Cancer Awareness Month and the Los Angeles Police Department is doing their part.

The agency unveiled a pink police care for breast cancer awareness.

LAPD joined forces with West Coast Customs to fix up one of their Ford Explorer patrol vehicles with a unique pink wrapping.

Dubbed the “Pink Patch Project,” its purpose is to increase awareness of breast cancer.

The campaign is supported by charities worldwide to not only increase awareness of the disease but to raise funds for research into its cause, prevention, treatment and cure.

The post LAPD Unveils Pink Cruiser for Breast Cancer Awareness appeared first on Law Officer.

Categories: Law Enforcement

St. Louis Police Detective Shot

Thu, 10/12/2017 - 11:12

A St. Louis police detective was struck with gunfire as he was investigating a stolen car last night.

The shooting happened at the corner of Cherokee Street and Jefferson Avenue in south St. Louis.

Acting Police Chief Lawrence O’Toole said the officer, a 25-year-old veteran, was in his department vehicle around 1:21 a.m. when he was “fired upon.”

“He sustained gunshot wounds to his shoulder,” O’Toole told reporters at a 3 a.m. outside Saint Louis University Hospital.

The officer is in stable condition and a suspect description has not yet been released.


The post St. Louis Police Detective Shot appeared first on Law Officer.

Categories: Law Enforcement

A Tribute To The Police Baton

Wed, 10/11/2017 - 07:36

The evolution of the police uniform is a fascinating aspect of policing history. The developments in uniform style, design, and purpose are intriguing reflections of a changing and progressive profession. Despite the changes overtime one accruement has remained an integral and enduring part of the police uniform – the baton. In the hands of a trained officer, the baton has proven to be an effective and versatile offensive, defensive, and escort tool. Offering both protection and control capabilities the baton has remained an important symbol of a proud profession and has earned a rightful place in the annals of law enforcement history.

The police baton can trace its origins to the 27BC Roman Empire during the reign of Augustus (Gaius Octavious – Great nephew to Julius Caesar). During this era the first non-military civilian police force was formed known as the “Vigiles Urbani” (Watchmen of the City), or “Cohortes Vigilum” (Cohorts of the watchmen). Initially formed of ex-slaves and freemen, this paramilitary police force served as a night watch auxiliary to supplement the military day watch Urban Cohort.

Protected by chain mail body armor “Hamata” and armed with a short sword and club, their insipient night watch duty with club might very well have coined the term “night stick.” Eventually, the Vigiles would assume a full time day-night police and fire watch service across the empire.

An early Watch and Ward system later developed in thirteenth century England. This Watch and Ward was an attempt to establish a police system in the large towns throughout England. Manned by citizen house holders the Watches were charged with fire watch, and peace keeping duties.

One early watch reference appears during the reign of King Charles II (1660-1685). The Watchmen of London at that time were appointed by the King and supposedly supervised their districts only once every 24 hours. Dubbed “Charlies” in jestful reference to his majesty’s police force, the Charlies were sometimes ridiculed as being poorly equipped, untrained, and less than effective.

Interestingly, an early critical account to these watchmen suggests an early reference to the baton. Describing the Charlies as being decrepit old fellows, they were said to be armed only with a staff which some, for lack of bodily strength, could scarcely lift.

Despite the critical reference, the Charley’s staff likely served an important service. By today’s standards, such a staff may appear to be rather unassuming. However, considering the military emphasis on the pike, and the quarter staff of the time, the staff served as a practical weapon as well an important visible symbol of the Charley’s authority.

In 1737 King George II enacted the 10th Elizabethan Act in an attempt to improve upon and regulate a night watch within the City of London. Crime was rampant and the night watch was considered to be a matter of great importance for the preservation of the inhabitants and their properties. Not only did the King authorize the City Common Council to create a night watch, but he also permitted taxes to be collected to pay for the service.

The night watchmen were authorized to apprehend all night-walkers, male factors, rogues, Vega bonds, and disorderly persons whom they found disturbing the public peace, or whom they suspected of evil designs. More than likely, the night watch character of a staff-like accruement might have further contributed to the origin of the night stick moniker.

Truncheon and Holster

By 1777 innovations in policing began to emerge, and King George III enacted the 14th Act, that detailed the actual number of watchmen, their wages, and how they were to be armed and accommodated. The act listed rattles, lanterns, and “staves” as authorized watch equipment. It remains apparent by these accounts that by this time, the staff of the early Charlies had evolved into the stave of these later watchmen. The baton, in essence, had firmly established itself as a bona fide policing provision.

By the early 1800’s old methods of law enforcement were unable to compete with the increased and more complex criminal problems associated with England’s industrialized society. Like many of England’s 19th century cities, London was reeling from the ill-effects of the industrial revolution, and was considered the most crime-ridden city in the Western World. The failure of the watch system to curb the social disorder pressed the desire for a radical policing reform – The Metropolitan Police Act of 1829.

Under this act London’s police were reorganized into a regulated uniformed civilian police force that would ultimately set the stage for policing to emerge as a respected and honored profession. Called “Peelers” after their founder British Home Secretary Sir Robert Peel, these early uniformed police pioneers were equipped with a rattle, and a hard wood baton stamped “Police Office.”

Eventually, the smaller wooden truncheon was introduced. Throughout the Victorian era the truncheon was commonly carried in a leather case worn from a uniform waist belt. Often, the case was equipped with a top piece or cover which completely encased the weapon. This non-threatening holstered appearance promoted the principle that a quiet determined manner had more effect than violent action. Although less intimidating in appearance, the truncheon proved a formidable and respected police weapon. A period reference for the proper swing of the instrument was termed a “fan.”

The traditional wooden baton sported a leather lanyard that was attached as a loop between the handle and barrel areas. This lanyard was an important feature for enhancing baton control. The lanyard’s proper length was determined by hanging the loop around either side of the thumb, and allowing the baton to dangle just below the bottom edge of the open hand.

During use, the lanyard loop was positioned around the thumb. Depending upon the preference of the carrier, the lanyard was then placed over either side of the hand before being griped. This allowed for a controlled grip, yet prevented the carrier from becoming snared during a confrontation. By releasing one’s grip, a quick release could easily be attained if the situation necessitated it.

Early police manuals taught three basic baton grips. A “two handed grip” positioned each hand at opposite ends of the baton.  A “short grip” placed the baton barrel firmly against the underside of the forearm.  A “Long grip” utilized the baton as an extension of the arm. Each method allowed for a variety of blocking and striking techniques. Utilizing the strength of the wrist and forearm, striking blows could be delivered short, quick, and accurate. More importantly, the force of the blows could be regulated.

Police officers were often trained in utilizing the baton in “move-along” and “come along” techniques. The difference between the two types of techniques meant the difference in the amount of control being exerted upon a subject. In the absence of handcuffs, techniques of utilizing the baton and lanyard as a temporary restraining device were also practiced. The issue of control was a crucial element in learning the management of the weapon. Its deployment could serve as a deterrent or become a matter of life or death. Officers who carried the baton knew it might become necessary to wield it in earnest.

Developing police technology has continued to offer an impressive array of baton related products dubbed night sticks, batons, truncheons, and clubs. Various lengths and purpose dubbed day-sticks, night-sticks, and riot-sticks. Revered as a uniformed standard, batons developed as ornate hand turned presentation pieces.  Adorned with silk cord and tassels they remain a fancied and impressive accruement for the dress uniform at formal occasions. Not surprisingly, advancing technology has not diminished the baton’s reputation as a highly regarded police weapon. It has remained throughout the ages, an enduring icon of the policing service.

The post A Tribute To The Police Baton appeared first on Law Officer.

Categories: Law Enforcement

How To Survive Cold and Flu Season

Wed, 10/11/2017 - 07:03

It’s happening RIGHT NOW.  Cold and flu season. That time of year when co-worker’s come to work in full-phlegm, snoggy booger-blowing mode. You may offer an understanding nod as they go on (and on) about how sick their kids, spouse, pet dragon are at home. But you’re also doing an internal scan. Looking for any signs that germs that may have leapt across the room and landed on your face.  You hit the road and realize that the plague has magnified out in the world. Besides keeping a thumb’s distance from the infected and squirting sanitizer over exposed body parts, there is a better way.

To keep the geek-out level low, I added “takeaways” for you to skim.

Vitamin C*

FUN FACTS: Most mammals can make Vitamin C, expect for humans, guinea pigs, monkeys and an Indian fruit eating bat. We have to get it from our diet.  Hundreds of years ago Sailors would die on voyages, not just from pirates, but from Scurvy caused a Vitamin C deficiency. Once the connection between Scurvy and Vitamin C was made, lime juice became a critical part of their cargo. Which is how they got the nickname  “limeys”.  Although we know it for it’s antioxidant capabilities, it has many biological functions.

HOW MUCH: Vitamin C is water soluble and destroyed by heat.  And if you take an excess amount, you pee out what your body doesn’t use. The RDA is for most adults is 90 mg/day.  A 1/2 C of raw red bell pepper has around 95 mg. A medium orange has 75 mg. And a packet of EmergenC* is commonly around 1000 mg (1 gram).

MEGA DOSE: Do you take mega-doses when you’re just beginning to feel sick?  It may not do much. In a review paper that looked 30 trials involving 11,350 study participants they concluded that mega-dosing (usually 1-2 grams) doesn’t do much in normal populations to shorten a cold: Adults – a 8% reduction in cold duration, children – a 14% reduction in cold duration. And if you start taking it after you have cold symptoms there is no significant effect at all.

WHY CARE?: Interestingly the paper notes that people who encounter brief, severe physical exercise or cold environments, Vitamin C supplementation halved the duration of a cold. This is where First Responders may see more benefit than most citizens by taking 1g/day during cold and flu season.

Key Takeaways:

  • The RDA is for most adults is 90 mg/day
  • Vitamin C supplementation may be a smart move if you do it regularly, not just when you feel yourself getting sick.
  • When you take more you will absorb less. Vitamin C concentration is tightly controlled in your body. 200 mg seems to be the sweet spot for maximum absorption when no extra demand is needed.

Vitamin A*

WHAT IT DOES: Originally called the “anti-infective vitamin” in a 1928 Medical Journal, it’s needed for your epithelial tissue (cell lining/integrity), bone health, vision, gene expression and sperm production. It has anti-tumor properties and it’s a immune-building must have. Vitamin A helps your immune system by reinforcing skin and mucosal cells (like body armor – your body’s first line of defense against infection), destroying free radicals and supporting lymphocytes (white blood cells including the all-mighty Natural Killer Cells).

TWO FORMS: We get our Vitamin A from two food sources: Retinol (animal sources) and carotenoids like β-carotene (fruit and veggie sources). Both sources have a special gift to help keep your immune system strong. And since it’s a fat soluble vitamin, make sure to add some fat to those green smoothies for maximum absorption.

WHY CARE?: Because First Responders get exposed to some nasty sh*t during their shift. They may make great stories but if your immune system is down, you’ll become the walking dead yourself. And between working never-ending shifts on 4 hours of sleep, your immune systems is probably maxed out making you more vulnerable to infectious disease.

To compound this, if you’re fighting an infection your Vitamin A levels typically plummet because infection pushes Vitamin A out of your body. So it’s good practice to eat foods naturally high in Vitamin A like orange-colored fruits/veggies, liver, cod-liver oil, eggs and dark greens. *A tsp of cod liver oil is not only high in Vitamin A, but fatty acids EPA/DHA that helps reduce inflammation.

Key Takeaways:

  • RDA for Vit. A is 700-900 mcg/day for most adults.
  • Easy to meet through real food: 1 egg – 80 mcg, tsp cod liver oil -1350 mcg, I cup sweet potato – 1403 mcg
  • WARNING: Taking high amounts of the active form of vitamin A (not carotenoids) may lead to “hypervitaminosis A”. (High being around 10x the RDA so 8,000-10,000 mcg/day is dangerous)
  • Boost your immune system by eating food sources of Vitamin A like orange-colored fruits/veggies, liver, cod-liver oil, eggs and dark greens

Black Elderberry

WHAT IT IS: This natural remedy goes way back to Egyptian times and is known as one of the top anti-viral herbs on the planet. It’s been used for the common cold, influenza (“the flu”) and H1N1 “swine” flu.  Elderberry has shown antiviral activity so it may be useful for to fight a common cold.  One 2016 study showed it decreased the number of days with cold symptoms by 52% and decreased average symptom severity by 58% for people traveling on an intercontinental flight (that air is rich with nasty stuff – just like some houses you go into on duty).

HOW IT WORKS: The power is in the berries’ pigment called “flavonoids” (antioxidants) which are higher in total content than blueberries, cranberries, goji berries and blackberries. These flavonoids are thought to bind to the H1N1 virions and prevent the virus from entering host cells. The extract has both antiviral and immune supporting properties.

FUN FACT: As a side note, raw berries contain a chemical similar to cyanide.

BONE BROTH* (aka Chicken Noodle Soup)

WHAT IS HAS: There’s a reason this cold remedy has been around forever. It has a 1-2-3 punch: gut healing, immune building and improving joint health. Homemade bone broth is rich in easily absorbable minerals like magnesium, phosphorus, sulfur, and trace minerals difficult to obtain elsewhere.  And it tastes so damn good.

HOW IT WORKS: It also has collagen which not only helps your gut lining but those aging joints as well.  And it’s a good source of glutamine which helps seal openings in the gut lining (leaky gut) by reducing oxidative stress and inflammation.

And no, salty broth cubes are NOT the same thing.

FUN FACT: 95% of your serotonin is in your gut, not your brain. So take care of your gut.

HOW TO MAKE IT: Make your own powerful bone broth with grass-fed bones (grass-fed is shown to be much superior in taste and nutrient content).  Need a recipe? Here’s an article with multiple ways to easily cook bone broth.

Don’t have time to make your own? Thrive Market has quality, grass-fed options to chose from.

*Disclaimer: This statement has not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

*The medical and/or nutritional information on this site is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking it because of something you have read on this Web site.

 *Heads Up! Some of my posts contain affiliate links. All that means is you don’t pay a penny more but I get a small commission to keep writing articles for you.


  1. Hemilä H, Chalker E. Vitamin C for preventing and treating the common cold. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;(1):CD000980.
  4. Green HN, Mellanby E. Vitamin A as an anti-infective agent. Br Med J. 1928;2(3537):691-696
  5. Murray MT, Pizzorno J. The Encyclopedia of Natural Medicine Third Edition. Simon and Schuster; 2012.
  8. Sherwin JC, Reacher MH, Dean WH, Ngondi J. Epidemiology of vitamin A deficiency and xerophthalmia in at-risk populations. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2012;106(4):205-14.
  10. Stephensen CB, Alvarez JO, Kohatsu J, Hardmeier R, Kennedy JI, Gammon RB. Vitamin A is excreted in the urine during acute infection. Am J Clin Nutr. 1994;60(3):388-92.
  12. Elderberry – Professional Monograph. (2013, March). Retrieved from
  13. Zakay-rones Z, Thom E, Wollan T, Wadstein J. Randomized study of the efficacy and safety of oral elderberry extract in the treatment of influenza A and B virus infections. J Int Med Res. 2004;32(2):132-40.
  14. Murray MT. The Healing Power of Herbs. Rocklin, CA: Prima Publishing, 1995.
  15. Bradley PR, ed. British Herbal Compendium, Vol. 1. Bournemouth, Dorset, UK: British Herbal Medicine Association, 1992.
  16. Tiralongo E, Wee SS, Lea RA. Elderberry supplementation reduces cold duration and symptoms in air-travellers: a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial. Nutrients 2016;8:E182.
  19. Rapin, J. R., & Wiernsperger, N. (2010, June). Possible Links between Intestinal Permeablity and Food Processing: A Potential Therapeutic Niche for Glutamine. Retrieved from
  20. Frasca, G., Cardile, V., Puglia, C., Bonina, C., & Bonina, F. (2012). Gelatin tannate reduces the proinflammatory effects of lipopolysaccharide in human intestinal epithelial cells. Retrieved from
  21. (summary of many studies on grass-fed vs grain-fed)
  22. Camilleri, Michael. “Serotonin in the Gastrointestinal Tract.” Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity, U.S. National Library of Medicine, Feb. 2009,

The post How To Survive Cold and Flu Season appeared first on Law Officer.

Categories: Law Enforcement

The Violence Of Drugs

Tue, 10/10/2017 - 17:12

When I heard about the murder of a Texas Tech Police Officer Floyd East late last night, I had more questions than answers but ultimately the tragic news solidifies both the dangers of police work and the dangers of drugs.

Society has mostly changed their opinions about drugs and the political speak and laws have followed.  While we are seeing the trend of legalized marijuana across the country, we are also seeing the reduction of penalties associated with drugs that for decades had been seen as a serious offense.

In my state and others, drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamine are often simple misdemeanors and with that comes a false belief that drugs are non-violent and harmless.

Officer Floyd East leaves behind his wife and two children.

After all, activist groups and politicians have been telling all of us that for decades and when you say something long enough, in a way it becomes a fact.

And while I am in no mood to discuss and debate the topic of drugs, I will speak from my two decades of experience in law enforcement and tell you that there is a cost to drug use.  Typically it’s the loss of status or family and even a life but in some cases, it is crime and violence to a community.

Such as what we saw on a Monday night on the campus of Texas Tech University.

Officer Floyd East had arrested Hollis Daniels. a 19 year old freshmen, for drugs and while Officer East was doing paperwork, Daniels shot him in the back of the head with a .45 caliber handgun, stole the body camera and fled.

Daniels was later captured but the aftermath of what started as a drug arrest will remain forever in the hearts and minds of many in the Texas Tech Community.

But it’s harmless you say?  It’s a non-violent crime you say?  People can do whatever they want you keep saying?

Sure, tell the parents in mourning that just buried a child or the homeowner that is picking up the pieces after a home invasion  or the family of Officer Floyd East that there is no harm in drug use.

The politicians and the lawmakers and the dopers can tell everyone they want that there is no harm but I will never believe it and neither should you.

The post The Violence Of Drugs appeared first on Law Officer.

Categories: Law Enforcement

NAACP Wants Michigan State Police Leader Fired For Meme

Tue, 10/10/2017 - 16:42

Photo Courtesy: YouTube/Col. Kriste Kibbey Etue

The Detroit Branch of the NAACP and civil rights attorneys on Tuesday renewed their criticism of Michigan State Police Col. Kriste Kibbey Etue after she shared a Facebook meme critical of pro football players who kneel during the National Anthem.

She removed the post and apologized afterwards.

The Rev. Wendell Anthony, president of the local NAACP branch, said during a press conference at the group’s headquarters that Etue is symbolic of a culture of racism within Michigan State Police.

 State police spokesman Lt. Michael Shaw said Tuesday’s press conference was “35 minutes of political grandstanding.”

“What a wasted opportunity,” Shaw said. “They could have invited the district commander to sit down and talk about how we can make the department more diverse. But we didn’t get that opportunity. Not one phone call.”

Etue has come under fire after she posted a meme on Facebook that said: “Who wins a football game has ZERO impact on our lives. Who fights for and defends our nation has every impact on our lives. We stand with the heroes, not a bunch of rich, entitled, arrogant, ungrateful, anti-American degenerates.”

Etue is being investigated by the department on whether she violated department policy by posting the meme on her personal Facebook page. Possible sanctions range from a written reprimand to a five-day suspension.

The post NAACP Wants Michigan State Police Leader Fired For Meme appeared first on Law Officer.

Categories: Law Enforcement

Charlotte Police Chief Defends Officers: ‘I Don’t Get To Second Guess’

Tue, 10/10/2017 - 16:24

As criticism of the fatal shooting of Ruben Galindo continued to mount, Charlotte-Mecklenburg police Chief Kerr Putney again defended his officers Tuesday, saying a refusal to put down a weapon justifies police use of deadly force.

“I think there’s a hesitancy for people to really listen and understand this: A gun in an encounter with the police is a game-changer,” Putney said during an exclusive interview with the Observer. “You are in possession of a gun that can kill our officers or someone else. Therefore, legally, you’re authorizing the use of lethal force.”

Galindo, 29, was shot and killed by officers on Sept. 6 after a brief encounter with officers responding to his 911 call.

In a calm voice, Galindo told dispatchers that he wanted to turn himself in for an upcoming court date involving his earlier arrest on a charge of assault by pointing a gun. He also said he was armed, but that his gun was empty. A recording of the conversations indicates Galindo repeatedly resisted the urging of the dispatcher to put his gun away before police arrived.

Between three and four seconds pass from the time police shout their first orders for Galindo to drop his gun and a series of shots ring out. Then Galindo slumps to the ground.

A gun was recovered at the scene, police said, and Putney has acknowledged that it was not loaded.

The chief’s remark drew strong criticism. Charlotte NAACP President Corinne Mack, called it “asinine.”

Putney took over the only police department where he’s ever worked in 2015, becoming Charlotte first internal police chief hire in more than 25 years.

Putney did say that his officers’ use of force almost always involve an armed subject.

“The facts are our officers are encountering too many people with guns and having too limited opportunities to de-escalate a situation where their lives and the lives of other people are in jeopardy,” he said.

Based on the department’s initial investigation, Suggs and Guerra did not commit a crime, Putney said. In those situations, he said, “I don’t get to second guess.”

The post Charlotte Police Chief Defends Officers: ‘I Don’t Get To Second Guess’ appeared first on Law Officer.

Categories: Law Enforcement

Police Officer Shot At Tiki Bar

Tue, 10/10/2017 - 08:47

A Florida police officer was shot Monday night while serving an arrest warrant at a local bar.

The officer was at Earl’s Hideaway Lounge & Tiki Bar in Sebastian (FL) with other police officers when around 10 p.m. he or she was shot.

The suspect was also shot.

Both were taken to a hospital with non-life-threatening injuries.

Their identities have not been released.

The post Police Officer Shot At Tiki Bar appeared first on Law Officer.

Categories: Law Enforcement

Ford Police Hybrid Sedan And F-150 Police Truck Complete Michigan Police Testing

Tue, 10/10/2017 - 08:35

DEARBORN, Mich., Oct. 4, 2017 – Following the reveal earlier this year of two all-new police vehicles – the 2019 Ford Police Responder Hybrid Sedan and the 2018 Ford F-150 Police Responder – testing by the Michigan State Police confirms Ford is first to offer law enforcement agencies a pursuit-rated hybrid police car and full-size pickup truck.

From local patrolling to on-road pursuit to off-road capability, law enforcement agencies nationwide have said they need a wider variety of pursuit-rated vehicles.

“Our new Fusion-based Police Responder Hybrid Sedan is quicker than our legendary V8-powered Crown Victoria Police Interceptor, while offering fuel efficiency that’s estimated to be double that,” said Stephen Tyler, Ford police brand marketing manager. “Plus, our new F-150 Police Responder offers police customers both on-road pursuit and off-road capability.”

Pursuit ratings are determined by vehicle manufacturers. Ford then uses a third party to validate its claims. So last month, in Michigan State Police testing – which includes a grueling 32-lap pursuit simulation at Grattan Raceway – Ford’s pursuit rating for both vehicles was confirmed. The simulation tests overall vehicle durability, including powertrain, suspension, brake and tire systems.

In acceleration testing, preliminary results show the new Ford Police Responder Hybrid Sedan bested the once-ubiquitous Crown Victoria by more than one second in 0-100 mph performance – 23.1 seconds versus 24.4 seconds. The Crown Vic had an EPA-estimated rating of 16 mpg city, 24 mpg highway and 19 mpg combined. Ford’s new Police Responder Hybrid Sedan has a projected EPA-estimated rating of 40 mpg city, 36 mpg highway and 38 mpg combined – making it twice as efficient as the Crown Vic. Final EPA-estimated ratings come at a later date.

Powered by EcoBoost
Not only does the Ford Police Interceptor Sedan retain its title for the sixth straight year as overall quickest police vehicle in 0-60 mph testing, preliminary results validate the Ford Police Interceptor SUV as quickest in 0-60 as well – a tie with the new F-150 Police Responder pickup.

All three of these pursuit-rated vehicles are powered by Ford’s now-legendary 3.5-liter EcoBoost® V6 engine. Police Interceptor Sedan did the 0-60 run in 5.6 seconds, while Police Interceptor Utility and the F-150 Police Responder needed only 6.3 seconds to hit 60 mph. Fastest overall lap and fastest average lap honors once again go to the Ford Police Interceptor Sedan.

Ford’s efforts to meet the needs of its police customers continue with the addition of the Police Responder Hybrid Sedan – a remarkably efficient pursuit-rated choice for law enforcement agencies nationwide. For those who require both on-road pursuit plus off-road capability, the new F-150 Police Responder adds a new dimension to police fleets across the country.

For more information on Ford police vehicles, visit

About Ford Motor Company

Ford Motor Company is a global company based in Dearborn, Michigan. The company designs, manufactures, markets and services a full line of Ford cars, trucks, SUVs, electrified vehicles and Lincoln luxury vehicles, provides financial services through Ford Motor Credit Company and is pursuing leadership positions in electrification, autonomous vehicles and mobility solutions. Ford employs approximately 203,000 people worldwide. For more information regarding Ford, its products and Ford Motor Credit Company, please visit

The post Ford Police Hybrid Sedan And F-150 Police Truck Complete Michigan Police Testing appeared first on Law Officer.

Categories: Law Enforcement

Dallas Police Chief May Demote To Put More Officers On The Street

Mon, 10/09/2017 - 21:42

On Monday, Dallas Police Chief U. Renee Hall said that she plans to significantly reduce the number of assistant chiefs and deputy chiefs who oversee the department.

She is also considering reducing the number of detectives in investigative units and officers serving on task forces in order to place more officers on the street.

Her plan may mean that some officers serving as assistant chief could be demoted to lieutenant and that some detectives could be put in patrol, which Hall called the “backbone” of the department.


The last 12 months have seen almost 500 officers resign or retired.

The department is down to 3,072 officers while budgeted  at 3,600.

The post Dallas Police Chief May Demote To Put More Officers On The Street appeared first on Law Officer.

Categories: Law Enforcement

Texas Tech Police Officer Killed, Active Shooter On Campus

Mon, 10/09/2017 - 21:11

Update:  At 9:34 PM, Texas Tech announced on Twitter that the suspect was in custody and declared “all clear.”

Texas Tech University was on lockdown Monday evening amid reports of a shooter on campus, according to a tweet from university.

“A shooting has been reported at TTU Police Department,” Tech’s Twitter account tweeted at 6:23 p.m. “Shooter is at large. The campus is on lockdown. Take shelter.” Then at 6:51, it tweeted: “The current situation is ongoing. Continue to shelter in place.”

Lubbock news station KCBD reported that a Texas Tech police officer has been shot and killed at the university’s police headquarters.

According to the report, sourced to university officials, officers visited a student on a welfare check and found drugs.  The student was brought to police headquarters where he produced a gun and shot a police officer in the head, killing him.  The student fled and remains on the run.

SWAT team members are now searching for the suspected gunman, identified as freshman Hollis A. Daniels, 19.

Hollis A. Daniels, 19, (pictured) is the reported suspect.

Daniels is believed to have fled the campus in a vehicle after the shooting.

KCBD reports that the suspect is 6 feet tall, 140 pounds, with red hair and blue eyes, wearing a white t-shirt and blue jeans.


The post Texas Tech Police Officer Killed, Active Shooter On Campus appeared first on Law Officer.

Categories: Law Enforcement

IACP Recommends Warning Shots To Gain Compliance

Mon, 10/09/2017 - 10:02

The IACP is recommending police departments nationwide allow officers to use warning shots instead of shooting only to kill.

In his last message, IACP President Donald De Luca defined a warning shot as a “discharge of a firearm for the purpose of compelling compliance from an individual but not intended to cause physical injury.”

De Luca added that a warning shot must be fired into a safe target and “must not pose a substantial risk of injury or death to the officers or others.”

In the IACP “National Consensus Policy On The Use Of Force,” published in January 2017, warning shots are addressed and authorized if “use of force is justified.”

Many police chief’s including Detroit Police Chief James Craig called using warning shots “one of the most ridiculous things” he has heard of.   “Hollywood-ish,” “irresponsible,” and impractical, are adjectives the police chief used to describe the idea.

What do you think?



The post IACP Recommends Warning Shots To Gain Compliance appeared first on Law Officer.

Categories: Law Enforcement

NFL Becomes The Least Popular Sport

Mon, 10/09/2017 - 09:21

The National Football League’s popularity plunged this month after players, coaches, and owners across the league protested the national anthem, in part about police brutality.

The NFL is now the least popular among top professional or college sports according to the Winston Poll from the Winston Group.

In the month of September, positive ratings sank from 57 percent to 44 percent. Unfavorable ratings are at 40 percent.

That group went from 73 percent favorable and 19 percent unfavorable to 42 percent favorable and 47 percent unfavorable.

Major League Baseball reaped the most benefit from the actions of the NFL with the highest approval rating at 63%.

The post NFL Becomes The Least Popular Sport appeared first on Law Officer.

Categories: Law Enforcement

FBI: Black Identity Extremists Likely To Target Law Enforcement

Mon, 10/09/2017 - 09:08

A report by the FBI dated August 3, 2017, titled “Black Identity Extremists Likely Motivated to Target Law Enforcement Officers” identifies Black Identity Extremists (BIEs) as black people who may carry out targeted, premeditated violent attacks against police in response to incidents of real or perceived excessive police violence against blacks.

The report stated the following:

  • An increase in BIE violence began after the 2014 death of Mike Brown, who was shot and killed by a police officer in Ferguson, Missouri, and after the decision by a grand jury not to indict the officer.
  • The FBI highlighted six attacks by alleged BIE members, including the August 2016 ambush of police officers in Dallas, Texas, by Micah Johnson, who shot 11 officers and killed five.
  • Very few incidents of BIE targeted, premeditated violence toward police officers took place over the past 20 years before 2014. Before that, BIE violence was carried out in the 1960s and 1970s by groups such as the Black Liberation Army during and in response to the Civil Rights Movement.
  • It is likely that perceptions of unjust treatment of blacks by police, and the perception that those police actions go unchallenged by law, will inspire more premeditated attacks against police over the next year.

While the report may be seen as controversy to some, the FBI defended the report, maintaining that investigations still cannot be initiated “based solely on an individual’s race, ethnicity, national origin, religion, or the exercise of First Amendment rights.”

“Domestic terrorism groups differ from traditional criminal groups in that they take action for a different purpose, to bring attention to a social or political cause,” the FBI wrote in a statement to Foreign Policy. “Therefore, their existence as a group has a legitimate purpose, at least in part. Their legitimate activity may include acts of protest, advocacy, and civil disobedience.”

The report can be viewed in full here.

Earlier this year, the FBI issued a report titled The Assailant Study – Mindsets and Behaviors”  that outlined groups such as Black Lives Matter and the Media inspired others to kill cops.

“The assailants inspired by social and/or political reasons believed that attacking police officers was their way to ‘get justice’ for those who had been, in their view, unjustly killed by law enforcement,” said the report. In two horrific assassinations of police, the report said that “the assailants said they were influenced by the Black Lives Matter movement.”

In April 2016, the FBI issued a warning of “anarchist extremists” and Antifa would become more “confrontational” towards government officials.

The post FBI: Black Identity Extremists Likely To Target Law Enforcement appeared first on Law Officer.

Categories: Law Enforcement

Hate, Bitterness and Racism – Looking Through Our Eyes

Sun, 10/08/2017 - 08:52

I was struck recently with an observation that I tried to rationalize in my white male head as I was interacting with the world without my uniform on.  I had some errands to run and was struck with the reflections in my eyes.  

As I walked around one store, I observed a young black female with a young white male and by their interaction they appeared to be a couple.  Somehow the interaction was without malice.  When I went to the counter to pay for my purchases the black store clerk greeted me in a kind and helpful voice, it was a genuine.  We exchanged small talk and when I was completed she wished me a “good day” that I returned to her.  When I had completed that task, my son and I stopped into a Chinese restaurant.  We approached the counter purchased our food and went to take a table to eat.  My son was wearing a shirt with a kali emblem on it and one of the other diners, a Filipino man who was with a black woman and two children who appeared to be their children, called out a greeting to him.  There was an older white man with an oriental woman and several other people of differing melanin levels all eating in the same restaurant.  

As we were heading to our car to leave, my son and I had a conversation about the way we could negotiate through society, 2 white guys who just interacted with all kinds of people of differing cultures, beliefs, values and skin tone and yet no yelling, screaming, hatred or violence.  Not one terse word was spoken in all the interactions we had, just pleasant greetings and people going about their lives.

Our experience that day is repeated by millions of people in thousands of towns across this great country every hour.  Where is the hatred, where is the racism and where are the riots?  I only see them where the media and politicians create them.  So why is it our minds don’t believe what our eyes see?

It is in the best interest of politicians and the media to create an environment where people feel like victims.  Victims need someone to protect them and the media needs a story.  Why else would you only see problems where the cameras are?  But victimhood eventually allows people to avoid responsibility for their behavior and blame others thus victims become dependent on others to take care of them.  This kind of dependence then leads people to seek out those who feel sorry for themselves and weakens not only them but the society they belong to.  2 Timothy 4:3-4 states – “For the time will come when people will not put up with sound doctrine. Instead, to suit their own desires, they will gather around them a great number of teachers to say what their itching ears want to hear. They will turn their ears away from the truth and turn aside to myths.”

These kinds of articles often draw the ire of those who claim victimhood but I am asking those who may get angry to breath and step outside the victim status for a minute.  Ask yourself if your experiences in life are really because you are a victim or have been told to be one.  The truth of life is that life sucks.  We are blessed with good days in between difficulty and drudgery.  EVERYONE suffers from unfair treatment.  That does not dismiss inappropriate behavior from anyone but life is not fair and if anyone told you it was, they lied to you.

If you care to make a change in your victim perspective here are some suggestions:

  1.  Make the decision that you don’t have to be a victim.
  2.  If you find yourself getting defensive, ask yourself if the person making you mad is just a jerk to             you or everyone.
  3.  Step outside of your group and interact with other people.  Groupthink is dangerous for everyone but interacting with others can help you see them as individuals.
  4.  Make the conscious decision that you have control over your thoughts and behavior and not other peoples’.

Changing how we see things can be the beginning on a much more fulfilling and self-directed course in life.  America has come a long way, let’s not get dragged back to the past when it seems in everyday life people have moved on.  


The post Hate, Bitterness and Racism – Looking Through Our Eyes appeared first on Law Officer.

Categories: Law Enforcement