ARFF (Airport Rescue and Fire Fighting)

Plane makes emergency landing after freak collision with both an eagle and a rabbit

ARFF Working Group - Tue, 10/24/2017 - 10:53

A plane was forced to make an emergency landing after it hit not just an eagle, but an eagle carrying a rabbit shortly after take off.

Virgin Australia Flight VA-319 was departing Melbourne for Brisbane when it reported “excessive vibration” in its left engine and  decided to return to the airport. The crew told air traffic controllers as it levelled off at 5,000 feet that the Boeing 737’s number one engine had struck both an eagle, and the rabbit clutched in its claws.

The plane, which was carrying up to 174 passengers, landed safely 17 minutes after departure. Tracking data from FlightRadar24.com shows how the plane’s ascent was curtailed around 4,500 feet before it performed a tight loop and returned to Melbourne.

FlightRadar24 said the flight was then cancelled. Virgin Australia has been contacted for comment.

The rare event was reported on the Aviation Herald, where one commenter joked it must have been a “hare-raising experience” for the crew.

Though bizarre, it is not the most peculiar animal to have struck a plane in flight.

In 1987 the New York Times reported on a mid-air collision between an Alaska Airlines aircraft and a fish.

“They found a greasy spot with some scales, but no damage,” Paul Bowers, manager of Juneau airport, told the newspaper after assessing the aircraft for damage.

According to the pilot, the impact occurred at about 400 feet as the Boeing 737 climbed out of the Alaska airport and crossed paths with a bald eagle carrying a fish in its talons. The eagle escaped injury.

”The law of the jungle prevailed,” Mr Bowers said. ”As the larger bird approached, the smaller bird dropped its prey.” The fish hit a small window at the top of the cockpit, Mr Bowers said.

Bird strikes minus fish or rabbits, though still rare, are much more common.

According to the British Airline Pilots Association (BALPA), such events are rarely dangerous – unless you’re a bird, that is.

“Aircraft are designed and built to withstand bird strikes and pilots undergo rigorous training to enable them to deal with eventualities like a bird strike,” said BALPA flight safety specialist, Stephen Landells.

“In my flying career I have experienced 10 bird strikes, none of which caused any significant damage. On half the occasions, in fact, due to the small size of the birds, I was not aware that I had hit one until inspecting the aircraft after landing.”

When a bird flies or is sucked into the engine of a plane, the poor critter usually disintegrates. However, in incidents with larger birds there can be extensive damage to the engine.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/travel/news/plane-hits-eagle-carrying-rabbit-strike/

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FAA Proposes Total Ban On Laptops In Checked Baggage On International Flights

ARFF Working Group - Tue, 10/24/2017 - 10:38

Concerns Remain About Lithium-Ion Batteries

The ICAO will consider an FAA proposal to ban laptops in checked baggage on all international flights due to concerns about fires caused by lithium-ion batteries contained in the devices.

Gizmodo reports that the agency recently published a paper with results of testing that shows that when the batteries overheat, they can cause fires and explosions when packed with combustible materials like hairspray and dry shampoo. Such an explosion can put the entire aircraft at risk, depending on the aircraft, according to the report.

According to the FAA document included with an ICAO report, the FAA Fire Safety Branch has conducted 10 tests utilizing a fully charged laptop computer inside a suitcase. The suitcases varied in construction and in the density and types of items inside, as well as, the construction of the outer case. A heater was placed against a lithium ion cell in the battery of a laptop to force it into thermal runaway.

For the first five tests, the suitcases were filled with clothes, shoes, etc., but no other currently permitted dangerous goods. In four of those tests, the fire was contained and eventually self-extinguished, and the suitcases were not breached. In one test, conducted without the Halon fire suppression system, the resulting fire burned out of the suitcase and fully consumed it; in this test, the battery burned a hole in the suitcase, which may have allowed oxygen to enter to fuel the fire.

A test of this same scenario was also conducted with an eight-ounce aerosol can of dry shampoo strapped to the laptop battery and added to the suitcase contents. The dry shampoo is currently permitted to be carried in checked baggage. This test yielded the most troubling results. Fire was observed almost immediately after thermal runaway was initiated. The fire rapidly grew, and within 40 seconds, the aerosol can of shampoo exploded with the resulting fire rapidly consuming the bag and its contents. This test showed that, given the rapid progression of the fire, a Halon fire suppression system cannot dispense Halon quickly enough to reach a sufficient concentration to suppress the fire and prevent the explosion.

Four additional tests were conducted to further characterize the risk. In addition to the dry shampoo, a 6 oz. bottle of nail polish remover, 2 oz. bottle of hand sanitizer and a 16 oz. bottle of 70% ethyl rubbing alcohol were included. Three of those tests resulted in the can or bottle containing the dangerous goods bur sting leading to a large fire. In only one test was the fire contained within the case. As a result of this, it was concluded that if a PED is packed in a suitcase with an aerosol can and a thermal runaway event occurs, there is the potential for an aerosol can explosion. The explosion itself may or may not be strong enough to structurally damage the aircraft, but in a Class C cargo compartment it will most likely compromise the Halon fire suppression system by dislodging blow panels or cargo liners, rendering the compartment unable to contain the Halon. The fire suppression system of the aircraft is then compromised, which could lead to the loss of the aircraft.

The outcome of the testing indicates that large PEDs in checked baggage mixed with an aerosol can produce an explosion and fire that the aircraft cargo fire suppression system in Class C cargo compartments may not be able to safely manage. Globally, there are aircraft in the commer cial fleet that do not have the same level of cargo fire suppression in the cargo hold, which places passengers in greater jeopardy if a PED catches fire in checked baggage.

Additionally, even if individual operators voluntarily implemented policies to for bid the carriage of large PEDs in checked baggage, the risk associated with large PEDs in checked baggage could be transferred to their flights from the aircraft during interlining of passengers and baggage —and without the operators’ knowledge.

The FAA paper does not say whether the ban should also be extended to domestic flights. The agency sees this as a global issue that should be addressed by the U.N.

The ICAO will reportedly be discussing the issue during meetings this week. If it agrees with the FAA, any proposal would have to be adopted by each participating country individually.

(Image from FAA PowerPoint presentation from testing)

FMI: ICAO Document, Original Report

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Today in History

ARFF Working Group - Tue, 10/24/2017 - 10:36

70 Years ago today: On 24 October 1947 a United Air Lines Douglas DC-6 crashed near Bryce Canyon, UT, USA killing all 52 occupants [first DC-6 fatal accident].

Date: Friday 24 October 1947 Time: 12:29 Type: Douglas DC-6 Operator: United Airlines Registration: NC37510 C/n / msn: 42875/17 First flight: 1947 Total airframe hrs: 933 Engines:Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Crew: Fatalities: 5 / Occupants: 5 Passengers: Fatalities: 47 / Occupants: 47 Total: Fatalities: 52 / Occupants: 52 Airplane damage: Destroyed Airplane fate: Written off (damaged beyond repair) Location: 2,4 km (1.5 mls) SE of Bryce Canyon Airport, UT (BCE) (   United States of America) Phase: En route (ENR) Nature: Domestic Scheduled Passenger Departure airport: Los Angeles Airport, CA (LAX/KLAX), United States of America Destination airport: Chicago Municipal Airport, IL (MDW/KMDW), United States of America Flightnumber: UA608

Narrative:
United Airlines flight 608 departed Los Angeles at 10:23 for a non-stop flight to Chicago. The airplane climbed to 19,000 feet and proceeded VFR over Fontana, Daggett, Silver Lake, Las Vegas, and Saint George. At 12:21 Flight 608 reported that a fire had been detected in the baggage compartment which the crew was unable to extinguish. The report added that the cabin was filled with smoke and that the flight was attempting to make an emergency landing at Bryce Canyon Airport in Utah. The fire had erupted in the center section in the vicinity of the right wing fillet. Small parts of the airplane were lost in flight and at least one of the emergency landing flares which are located at the trailing edge of the right wing fillet ignited in flight.
Shortly thereafter the flight again reported that the “tail is going out-we may get down and we may not.” At 12:26 another transmission was received from the flight indicating that it was going into the “best place available.” One minute later the flight reported “we may make it-approaching a strip.” This was the last contact with the flight. It crashed at 12:29 before it was able to reach the airport.
After the accident, investigators noted that the DC-6 airplane design included a No.3 alternate fuel tank vent outlet that was located on the right side of the fuselage near the leading edge of the wing and close to the bottom wing fillet. Approximately 10 feet aft of this point and slightly to the left there was an air scoop which served as a source of cabin heater combustion air and cooling air for the cabin supercharger air after-cooler and cabin supercharger oil cooler. Flight tests conducted with other model DC-6 aircraft subsequent to the accident revealed that overflow from the No. 3 alternate tank through the air vent line and out the vent outlet would sweep back in the slip stream toward the cabin heater combustion air intake scoop and that a considerable quantity of fuel would enter the scoop. Ground tests clearly demonstrated that, under conditions simulating the entry of fuel overflow into the scoop inflight while the heater was operating, the cabin heater could be expected to backfire and thereby propagate flame downstream into the air scoop. Incoming fuel would, thereafter, be expected to continue to burn in the air scoop and duct.

Probable Cause:

PROBABLE CAUSE: “The combustion of gasoline which had entered the cabin heater air intake scoop from the No.3 alternate tank vent due to inadvertent overflow during the transfer of fuel from the No.4 alternate tank. The failure of the manufacturer and the Civil Aeronautics Administration to exercise full caution in the analysis of the fuel system of the DC-6 relative to proper location of fuel tank vents to provide non-hazardous location for fuel drainage, as required by existing regulations, and the insufficient attentiveness on the part of the manufacturer, the Civil Aeronautics Administration, and the air carriers to the procedures of fuel management employed by pilots operating DC-6 aircraft, were contributing factors.”

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Today is Monday the 23rd of October, 2017

ARFF Working Group - Mon, 10/23/2017 - 07:51

Here are your stories to start the new week…

Be safe out there!

Tom

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Small plane crashes off runway in Santa Maria

ARFF Working Group - Mon, 10/23/2017 - 07:50

By Kayla Cash

Authorities were called to the Santa Maria airport for a report of a small airplane crash after it went off the runway Sunday morning.

Santa Maria Fire says rescue 61 and engine 4 responded.

Two people were aboard, and no injuries were reported. Officials say the crash was likely from landing gear failure.

http://www.ksby.com/story/36654114/small-plane-crashes-off-runway-in-santa-maria

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OH: Pilot Uninjured After Plane Flips on Greene Co. Airport Runway

ARFF Working Group - Mon, 10/23/2017 - 07:48

Oct. 22–XENIA TWP — UPDATE @ 6:15 p.m.

High winds played a role in the crash of a single-engine plane at Greene County’s Lewis A. Jackson Regional Airport Sunday, according to troopers.

The plane’s pilot was landing on the runway when wind gusts sent the two-seater aircraft onto its top.

Storm Center 7 Meteorologist Brett Collar reports wind gusts in the area of the airport registered as high as 22 mph earlier today.

Troopers told our crew the pilot was flying in from an airport near Bradford before crashing.

The airport will reopen once crews clear the scene and remove the now upright plane from the runway.

UPDATE @ 5:52 p.m.

A pilot is uninjured after the plane he was landing crashed at a Greene County airport Sunday evening.

Our crew at the scene reports the airport is closed while state troopers conduct an investigation and remove the plane from the runway.

It is unknown what caused the crash first reported around 4 p.m.

Pilots taking off from the airport earlier today have been instructed to land at Wright Brothers in Miami Twp.

Our crew reports the small red plane was on its top when authorities arrived.

We are working to learn what caused the crash and how long the airport will remain closed.

EARLIER REPORT

No one is injured following a reported plane crash at Greene County’s Lewis A. Jackson Airport Sunday evening, according to Ohio State Highway Patrol dispatchers.

Crews were sent to the reported crash on the runway around 4:05 p.m.

Dispatchers said no injuries are reported and the plane is reportedly crashed on the airport runway.

Troopers and Beavercreek fire crews are heading to the scene to assess the damage.

We have a crew heading to the scene to learn more on this developing report.

http://www.aviationpros.com/news/12375918/pilot-uninjured-after-plane-flips-on-greene-co-airport-runway

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Delta plane bound for Cleveland makes emergency landing in Knoxville due to engine failure

ARFF Working Group - Mon, 10/23/2017 - 07:47

A plane flying from Atlanta to Cleveland Sunday morning was forced to make an emergency landing in Knoxville following the failure of one of its engines.

The plane, a McDonnell Douglas 88 model operated by Delta Airlines, was forced to land in Knoxville just before 9:30 a.m. after its right engine began to make rumbling and screeching noises.

USA Today – Tennessee Network Sports Columnist Joe Rexrode was aboard the plane on his way to cover Sunday’s matchup between the Tennessee Titans and the Cleveland Browns. Rexrode said that the engine trouble began around 15 or 20 minutes after the plane had taken off in Atlanta and that the smell of burning oil was overwhelming in the cabin.

“Basically, there was this awful sound, you could just tell that the right engine was out,” Rexrode said. “It was just screeching and the plane rumbled really heavily and you just knew it was gone. That was followed by the smell. ”

Delta flight 1474 left Atlanta just before 9 a.m. and was scheduled to reach Cleveland by 10:30 a.m. The plane was carrying 139 passengers and six crew members, according to Delta Air Lines spokesperson Anthony Black. The crew received a system notification that one of the engines was experiencing trouble, Black said, and elected to shut the engine down and land in Knoxville at about 20 minutes after 9 a.m.

Rexrode said that in addition to the screeching and rumbling coming from the plane’s engine, the plane began to shake in a way the he knew was not turbulence.

“I’ve flown hundreds of flights, and I’ve never had anything like this happen,” he said.

“For a few minutes in there, it was just really scary, because you felt like we didn’t have power in the plane and it was just really rumbling, and not like turbulence,” he added.

McGhee Tyson Airport spokesperson Caitlin Barraf said that the plane landed safely and that the airport’s Public Safety crew was there to assist the plane’s crew and passengers after it landed. No injuries were reported and a response team from Delta is handling the situation.

http://www.knoxnews.com/story/news/2017/10/22/plane-engine-failure-prompts-emergency-landing-knoxville/788517001/

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Plane crashes at Centennial Airport, no one injured

ARFF Working Group - Mon, 10/23/2017 - 07:46

By JOELLA BAUMANN

Centennial Airport tweeted that the gear collapsed on the single-engine plane

South Metro Fire and Rescue crews were dispatched to Centennial Airport on Saturday just before 1 p.m. in response to an aircraft crash.

South Metro reported on Twitter that there were no apparent injuries in the crash.

Centennial Airport tweeted that the gear collapsed on the single-engine plane.

Plane crashes at Centennial Airport, no one injured

 

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Fire crews respond to single passenger airplane crash

ARFF Working Group - Mon, 10/23/2017 - 07:44

By Josh Birch

NEW BERN, N.C. (WNCT) – Several fire stations in Craven County responded to single passenger plane crash Saturday morning.

It happened before noon near 940 Aviation Dr. Crews responded to a call of a plane upside down that was leaking fuel.

According to the Craven County Fire Page, there were no serious injuries.

Fire crews respond to single passenger airplane crash

 

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Small plane’s landing gear collapses at Anchorage airport

ARFF Working Group - Mon, 10/23/2017 - 07:43

Author: Annie Zak

A runway at Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport was closed for hours Saturday after a small plane’s landing gear collapsed.

The Beechcraft King Air plane was operated by Bering Air and was on a medevac flight from Nome to Anchorage, said Clint Johnson, chief of the Alaska regional office of the National Transportation Safety Board. It was carrying a patient and two attendants along with the pilot, he said.

“The airplane ended up basically on its belly,” Johnson said. “The gear collapsed on landing.”

There were no injuries from the landing, Johnson said, and the patient was transported to the hospital, which was where the patient was heading anyway, Johnson said.

“We’re in the process of determining the extent of the damage” to the plane, he said.

The runway in question — the airport’s southernmost runway that runs east to west — was closed around 5:30 a.m. Saturday, said airport operations officer John Stocker. The runway was cleared and open by about 2 p.m. Saturday, said airport operations duty officer Bev Sinnott.

Stocker said the airport redirected other aircraft to a different runway during the closure.

“My understanding, from the air traffic control folks, is that we haven’t had any slowdowns,” he said.

https://www.adn.com/alaska-news/aviation/2017/10/21/anchorage-airport-runway-closed-after-planes-landing-gear-collapsed/

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Small plane crashes in Saint-Lazare

ARFF Working Group - Mon, 10/23/2017 - 07:42

A small plane carrying three passengers crashed in Saint-Lazare Saturday afternoon.

The Cessna came down at around 4:20 p.m., landing on private property on St-Louis Rd.

When police arrived, one man was already outside the aircraft with minor injuries. Two other men were trapped inside the plane.

According to provincial police, firefighters were able to remove the men from the aircraft. Both were conscious but were transported to hospital with serious injuries.

Investigators were sent to the scene to assess why the plane crashed.

http://montreal.ctvnews.ca/small-plane-crashes-in-saint-lazare-1.3642976

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Plane makes emergency landing near Gatineau airport

ARFF Working Group - Mon, 10/23/2017 - 07:41

Pilot, passenger sustain minor injuries after landing in a field

A small plane made an emergency landing in a field near the Gatineau airport Saturday afternoon.

A Maule MT-7-235 passenger plane made a distress call to air traffic control at the Executive Gatineau-Ottawa Airport just before 3 p.m., police said.

The pilot tried to land on Highway 50, but there were too many cars. Instead, the plane landed in a field but hit a hill and the momentum flipped the aircraft.

The pilot and a passenger sustained minor injuries when the plane finally stopped about six kilometres northwest of the airport.

Hidir Cetin said he was in his house when he heard a loud noise.

“I heard a loud noise at home, like metal. I was with my brother and my family. When I went out, I saw that he had fallen. I left the phone and said [to my family]: call the police and the ambulance,” he said.

Cetin then helped a woman and a man to climb out of the overturned plane. He said he smelled gas and was afraid the plane would explode.

Firefighters said mechanical problems are likely to blame for the emergency landing.

http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/ottawa/plane-emergency-landing-gatineau-1.4366073

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New details emerge about plane crash in Lakeside that caused fire

ARFF Working Group - Mon, 10/23/2017 - 07:39

SAN DIEGO (NEWS 8) — New information emerged Sunday about a plane crash that sparked a brush fire in the East County.

It happened around 4:15 p.m. on Saturday near the El Capitan Reservoir in Lakeside.

But the crash site was difficult for crews to access.

Firefighters brought in heavy equipment Sunday to access the wreckage of the Extra EA-300 plane.

A spokesperson for the US Forestry Service called the crash “unsurvivable.”

The fire sparked by the crash burned 15 to 20 acres and it took several hours to get under control through a series of aerial drops and ground efforts.

By Sunday, lines of retardant marked the hillside.

An investigator with the NTSB arrived on scene Sunday to start the process of figuring out what went wrong.  Federal records show the plane’s tail number, given to News 8 by the NTSB, is registered to KD Leasing in Henderson, Nevada.

It appears frequently on the website of Sky Combat Ace, a company that operates out of the Las Vegas area and Gillespie Field, offering thrill seekers the chance to ride as a passenger or even perform their own aerobatic stunts from the pilot’s seat.

There are several videos online showing this same plane in action over Las Vegas and the East County.

Residents say they often see pilots performing stunts near the reservoir.

So far investigators aren’t saying how many people were on board, but the manufacturer says the plane is typically equipped with two seats.

News 8 reached out to Sky Combat Ace’s headquarters in Las Vegas, but no one answered the phone.

On its website, the company says “safety has always been the #1 priority at SCA.”

http://www.cbs8.com/story/36655092/new-details-emerge-about-plane-crash-in-lakeside-that-caused-fire

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